Jobs After Age 55 

The good news is 62- to 64-year-olds experienced the largest increase in jobs between 2007 and 2014.1 The not-so-good news is that many of those jobs are not of the upscale, high-paying variety.2

New research from the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College offers insights into the type of work that older people are securing today:3

  • The jobs are high on service and low on physical labor
  • Service jobs: managers, sales supervisors, accountants, real estate sales, property management
  • Low-skilled jobs: truck drivers, janitors, nursing aides, child care, retail, cab driver
  • Valued skillsets: dependability, outdoor work
  • Jobs that pay around 10 percent less than those of younger workers

A survey of households and individuals from the latest census found that, between 2008 and 2012, older workers (62+) with a college degree had less than a 50 percent chance of finding work, while those without a college degree had only a 35 percent chance.4

During an economic downturn, it’s not uncommon for employers to lay off employees, and many older workers end up getting more pink slips than others. One reason may be because they tend to earn more, so some workplaces may be inclined to hire younger, lower-paid employees to improve profit margins.5

While this may sound like age discrimination, lawsuits along those lines have become harder to win. In 2009, a court ruling made it more difficult for workers to sue for age discrimination. Plaintiffs must now prove that advanced age was the main reason for being let go — not just a contributing factor.6

Even aging workers who continue working at the same company will likely find their income doesn’t increase as much as it did when they were younger. A 2015 Federal Reserve study found that, from ages 45 to 55, wages decrease by 9 percent; they then drop another 9 percent from ages 55 to 65.7

The job situation may be more challenging for women, in part because they tend to live longer than their husbands and are therefore more likely to spend some part of their retirement living on one income. According to U.S. Labor Department projections, about one in seven women work past age 65, and within eight years that number will rise to nearly one in five.8

Working longer isn’t all bad, from a financial or social standpoint. It enables people to save longer, give their retirement assets more opportunity to accumulate, decreases how long they’ll have to live on their retirement savings and enables them to save money via employer-based health insurance.9 Plus, work provides cognitive and social engagement, which for many is a lot more fun than sitting at home or even traveling alone.

Content prepared by Kara Stefan Communications. 

Quoctrung Bui. The New York Times. Aug. 18, 2016. “More Older People Are Finding Work, but What Kind?” http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/18/upshot/as-more-older-people-seek-work-they-are-put-into-old-person-jobs.html?_r=0. Accessed Sept. 19, 2016.
Ibid.
3 Ibid.
4 Ibid.
Bob Sullivan. CNBC. July 7, 2016. “For older workers, getting a new job is a crapshoot.” http://www.cnbc.com/2016/07/07/for-older-workers-getting-a-new-job-is-a-crapshoot.html. Accessed Sept. 19, 2016.
6 Ibid.
7 Teresa Ghilarducci. PBS. Jan. 14, 2016. “Why women over 50 can’t find jobs.” http://www.pbs.org/newshour/making-sense/women-over-50-face-cant-find-jobs/. Accessed Sept. 19, 2016.
8 Nick Timiraos. The Wall Street Journal. Feb. 22, 2016. “How Older Women Are Reshaping U.S. Job Market.” http://www.wsj.com/articles/older-women-reshape-u-s-job-market-1456192536. Accessed Sept. 19, 2016.
9 Kerry Hannon. Forbes. July 3, 2016. “5 Tips To Help Women Work Longer.” http://www.forbes.com/sites/nextavenue/2016/07/03/5-tips-to-help-women-work-longer/#74c7bf943156. Accessed Sept. 19, 2016.

We are an independent firm helping individuals create retirement strategies using a variety of insurance products to custom suit their needs and objectives. This material is intended to provide general information to help you understand basic retirement income strategies and should not be construed as financial advice. 

The information contained in this material is believed to be reliable, but accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed; it is not intended to be used as the sole basis for financial decisions. If you are unable to access any of the news articles and sources through the links provided in this text, please contact us to request a copy of the desired reference. 

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The New Real Estate Sector 

Real estate is no longer just for people looking to make a move.

A combination of the housing market decline and a barrage of television shows featuring novice real estate investors have people fixing up homes then listing properties with hopes of making a profit.1

The real estate investment craze has become so mainstream that in September [of 2016] it was named a separate, unique sector in the Global Industry Classification Standard.This 11th sector is the first to be added to the industry standard since it was first developed in 1999.3

Real estate holdings previously resided within the financial sector. This new classification will include Equity Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs); note however, that mortgage REITs will remain in the financial sector.4

The separation between financial and real estate offers an opportunity for investors to diversify even more between the two sectors.5 The new sector will include all equity REITs and real estate management and development companies.6

At the time of the launch, the S&P 500 allocated a market weight of over 3.23 percent to the new sector, while the Russell 2000 Value Index assigned it a 12.21 percent weighting.Some investment analysts predict that this higher visibility of the real estate sector could prompt greater investor demand and lower volatility for the overall market.8

On the first day of trading, the official real estate sector rose 0.75 percent, although it is anticipated that underlying securities will meet headwinds when interest rates begin to rise.9 However, positive signs in the housing market have homebuilders feeling increasingly confident.10 

A September [2016] survey gauging builder confidence showed increases in current home sales, expectations of future sales and home-buyer traffic from the month before.11

It’s important to consider any investment within the context of your own goals, risk tolerance, investment timeline and the composition of your overall portfolio. You should speak with a qualified financial advisor before making any decisions about your personal situation. 

Content prepared by Kara Stefan Communications. 

Jeff Reeves. USA Today. May 21, 2016. “As rents keep rising, more investors turn landlords.” http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/personalfinance/2016/05/19/rents-keep-rising-more-investors-turn-landlords/84037794/. Accessed Sept. 19, 2016.
2 Paul Sullivan. New York Times. Aug. 26, 2016. “Real Estate Strikes Out on Its Own in the Stock Indexes.” http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/27/your-money/real-estate-strikes-out-on-its-own-in-the-stock-indexes.html. Accessed Sept. 29, 2016.
3 Ibid.
MSCI and S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC. March 8, 2016. “S&P Dow Jones Indices and MSCI Revisions to the Global Industry Classification Standard Structure.” https://www.msci.com/documents/10199/37f69ddd-2fa0-4b95-9970-5e929a97f7b8. Accessed Sept. 19, 2016.
5 Melda Mergen. Columbia Management Investment Advisors. Sep. 6, 2016. “What the new real estate sector means for investors.” https://blog.columbiathreadneedleus.com/what-the-new-real-estate-sector-means-for-investors. Accessed Sept. 19, 2016.
6 Ibid.
7 Ibid.
8 Ibid.
Fred Imbert. CNBC. Sept. 19, 2016. “S&P real estate sector rises in first day of trading.” http://www.cnbc.com/2016/09/19/sp-real-estate-sector-rises-in-first-day-of-trading.html. Accessed Sept. 19, 2016.
10 Diana Olick. CNBC. Sept. 19, 2016. “Homebuilder sentiment jumps to 65 in September, highest level in nearly a year.” http://www.cnbc.com/2016/09/19/homebuilder-sentiment-jumps-to-65-in-september-highest-level-in-nearly-a-year.html. Accessed Oct. 14, 2016.
11 Ibid.

We are an independent firm helping individuals create retirement strategies using a variety of insurance and investment products to custom suit their needs and objectives. This material is intended to provide general information to help you understand basic financial planning strategies and should not be construed as financial advice. All investments are subject to risk including the complete loss of principal. No investment strategy can guarantee a profit or protect against loss in periods of declining values. 

The information contained in this material is believed to be reliable, but accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed; it is not intended to be used as the sole basis for financial decisions. If you are unable to access any of the news articles and sources through the links provided in this text, please contact us to request a copy of the desired reference.

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Assessing Risk in Retirement Income

When it comes to investing, there’s no such thing as a “safe bet.” Every type of financial vehicle has some level of risk, even checking and savings accounts. Back in the 1920s, people believed that the safest place to keep their money was a bank, and they were right. But as they witnessed during the Great Depression, even those assets were not 100 percent safe. Bank runs caused banks to deplete their cash holdings, and they had to call in loans and liquidate assets to try to keep up with withdrawal demands, which subsequently led to bank failures.1 In response, the government created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), which insures deposits up to $250,000 per depositor, per FDIC-insured bank, per ownership category.2

Throughout history, bank deposit accounts have generally been considered the safest place to keep assets. However, today’s longer lifespans illustrate that risk takes many forms, including the potential risk of outliving your money if you don’t save enough, have a well-diversified financial portfolio to help outpace inflation and seek out multiple sources for reliable income streams. We can recommend a variety of strategies to help retirees pursue each of these goals, based on individual circumstances. Give us a call, and let’s discuss your options

Consider even Social Security. The agency projects that by 2034, its Trust Fund will be reduced to the point where it can pay out only 74 percent of promised benefits to retirees. While it’s unlikely this safety net will collapse, Congress will need to take steps to keep the fund fully solvent.3

However, individuals who invest in 401(k)s should be aware that even if their company closes or goes bankrupt, vested 401(k) assets belong to the account owner; the employer or the employer’s creditors can’t touch them.4

Another factor that can potentially affect your retirement assets is the impact long-term inflation can have on cost of living expenses for people who spend 20 to 30 years or more in retirement. Inflation has remained low for many years, and some market experts believe that, as a result, many investors are not well-prepared for a resurgence of inflation.5

With the knowledge that investing offers the possibility of growth but also the risk of loss, it’s a good idea to consider working with a financial advisor to help tailor a financial portfolio to your specific goals, timeline and tolerance for different types of risk. Your financial advisor may also suggest annuities, and although they are not investments, some annuity contracts credit interest earnings that are linked to the performance of an external market index. These types of annuities, often referred to as fixed index annuities, offer a combination of higher interest growth potential and guaranteed income. The guarantees are backed by the insurance company so it’s important to check out the credit rating and financial strength and experience of the issuing insurer.

Content prepared by Kara Stefan Communications.

1 History.com. “Bank Run.” http://www.history.com/topics/bank-run. Accessed Aug. 6, 2017.

2 Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. June 3, 2014. “Deposit Insurance FAQs.” https://www.fdic.gov/deposit/deposits/faq.html. Accessed August 15, 2017.

3 Chris Farrell. Forbes/Next Avenue. June 24, 2016. “The Truth About Social Security’s Solvency And You.” https://www.forbes.com/sites/nextavenue/2016/06/24/the-truth-about-social-securitys-solvency-and-you/#2590b10b2199. Accessed Aug. 14, 2017.

4 Dana Anspach. The Balance. Nov. 22, 2016. “If My Company Closes, What Happens to My 401k?” https://www.thebalance.com/if-my-company-closes-what-happens-to-my-401k-2388225. Accessed Aug. 14, 2017.

Rebecca Ungarino. CNBC. Aug. 5, 2017. “Inflation isn’t stirring, but still the biggest risk to investors even as it’s ‘least apparent’: Brown Brothers.” https://www.cnbc.com/2017/08/05/with-inflation-dormant-investors-downplay-risks-to-the-economy.html. Accessed Aug. 6, 2017.

Investing involves risk, including the potential loss of principal. Any references to reliable income generally refer to fixed insurance products, never securities or investment products. Annuities are insurance products that may be subject to fees, surrender charges and holding periods which vary by company. Annuities are not a deposit of nor are they insured by any bank, the FDIC, NCUA, or by any federal government agency. Annuities are designed for retirement or other long-term needs.

We are an independent firm helping individuals create retirement strategies using a variety of insurance and investment products to custom suit their needs and objectives. This material is intended to provide general information to help you understand basic financial planning strategies and should not be construed as financial advice.

The information contained in this material is believed to be reliable, but accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed; it is not intended to be used as the sole basis for financial decisions. If you are unable to access any of the news articles and sources through the links provided in this text, please contact us to request a copy of the desired reference.

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Retirement Stages

What’s so difficult about planning for retirement? You save; you retire; you spend.

If only it were that straightforward. Today’s pre-retirees and retirees have so much more to consider. Longer lifespans mean longer exposure to the possibility of inflation eroding your purchasing power. And then there are these concerns:

  • The global economy and its impact on everything from market volatility to interest rates to unemployment and wages
  • The decrease in company pensions and greater burden for retirees to provide more of their retirement income
  • The long-term solvency and viability of Social Security
  • How future legislation and the political environment might impact Medicare

It’s a lot to think about. That’s one reason it’s important to work with a knowledgeable financial professional to help you consider the factors that might impact your retirement. The good news is that many retirees now have the time, thanks to a longer lifespan, to plan for and enjoy a longer retirement. When it comes to your retirement income planning needs, we may be able to help with that; just give us a call. As an independent financial services firm, we help people create retirement strategies using a variety of insurance products to custom suit their needs and objectives.

Much as our younger adult life can be divided into stages — college, job, marriage, family and all manner of advancement rungs in a career — retirement can be broken into separate categories as well. It’s not all travel and country club parties, gardening and golfing, grandchildren and book clubs. In fact, those activities are generally characteristic of the first stage of retirement, when we tend to spend more time with family and friends, pursuing hobbies, travel and other “bucket list” items.1

One of the best things about the first stage of retirement is that Mondays are no longer dreaded; they’re just another day of the week. It may take some time, but some retirees learn to replace their office wear for roomy, comfortable workout pants and soft tees. Put these on, and you can just feel the stress melt away.2

During the second stage of retirement, you might not travel quite as much. You may even think about moving closer to your children or to a community with other people your same age. These are good instincts because it’s important at this stage to stay socially connected. 3

During this stage, if you’re concerned about the possibility of outliving your income, it’s natural to cut back on expensive activities like travel. In fact, now that you spend more time at home, you might consider getting an easy, low-stress part-time job. Or you could join the gig economy, working from home.4 It’s important to remain engaged, and, of course, extra money coming in wouldn’t hurt.5

In the third stage, when retirees move past age 80 or later, they may need daily assistance.6 Again, it’s a good idea to set up some type of regular relationship to avoid isolation and stay connected — even if you remain quite independent. This could involve sharing meals with a companion on a regular basis. Have someone you can call to change a lightbulb, move furniture around for better mobility or help you bake an old family recipe — and share it over a cup of coffee.

Each stage requires some degree of planning. Even during a “freewheeling, high-octane” first stage, you’ll need to lay some of the groundwork to help ensure your latter stages of retirement are enjoyable. This includes eating healthy, establishing an exercise routine that is sustainable throughout your lifetime and engaging in activities you can continue through old, old age. And, perhaps most important, work on strengthening relationships that will be with you forever.

Content prepared by Kara Stefan Communications.

1 BoomingEncore.com. “Three Different Stages of Retirement” http://www.boomingencore.com/three-different-stages-retirement/. Accessed Aug. 6, 2017.

2 Business Insider. April 16, 2017. “I retired at 52 with a $3 million net worth — here are 10 things that surprised me about early retirement.” www.businessinsider.com/early-retiree-shares-10-things-that-surprised-him-after-he-quit-his-job-2017-4. Accessed Aug. 6, 2017.

3 BoomingEncore.com. “Three Different Stages of Retirement” http://www.boomingencore.com/three-different-stages-retirement/. Accessed Aug. 6, 2017.

4 Mary Beth Franklin. Investment News. April 21, 2017. “Retirees embrace the gig economy.” http://www.investmentnews.com/article/20170421/BLOG05/170429976/retirees-embrace-the-gig-economy. Accessed Aug. 6, 2017.

5 Katy Read. Star Tribune. Sept. 4, 2016. “Get back to work! Working past ‘retirement age’ is beneficial.” http://www.startribune.com/experts-agree-working-past-retirement-age-is-beneficial/388305801/. Accessed Aug. 6, 2017.

6 BoomingEncore.com. “Three Different Stages of Retirement” http://www.boomingencore.com/three-different-stages-retirement/. Accessed Aug. 6, 2017.

This material is intended to provide general information to help you understand basic retirement income strategies and should not be construed as financial advice.

The information contained in this material is believed to be reliable, but accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed; it is not intended to be used as the sole basis for financial decisions. If you are unable to access any of the news articles and sources through the links provided in this text, please contact us to request a copy of the desired reference.

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Possible Perks and Perils of Buying Coastal Property

All over the world, from Miami to the Maldives, rising sea levels threaten coastal real estate.

Scientists say the daily high-water mark has been rising by nearly an inch a year in places like South Florida. During extraordinary high tides, saltwater even sneaks up the driveways of some multi-million dollar coastal homes.1

While projections vary, the general consensus is that sea levels could rise by anywhere from 3 to 6.5 feet by the end of this century. 2

Many people dream throughout their careers of owning a piece of real estate on the water, perhaps as a retirement first or second home. While oceanfront property demand remains strong and communities are still being developed, the potential effect of climate change is beginning to cast a shadow over this dream.3

According to the federal government, eight out of 10 of the most expensive natural disasters in U.S. history were caused by hurricanes.4 For anyone intending to purchase property near the ocean, it’s an issue that should not be ignored. It’s a good idea to speak with an experienced property and casualty insurance agent to understand a homeowner’s responsibilities regarding coastal property.

If your heart is set on the waterfront, a real estate agent with experience selling these types of properties can be helpful. Buying coastal properties requires a certain amount of due diligence. For example, it’s wise to find out:5

  • The different types of mortgage loans and qualifying criteria, because a loan for waterfront properties can take a lot longer than a normal home loan
  • Whether the structure’s building materials are designed to withstand local weather conditions
  • What’s allowed and what permits are required for any improvements you may want to make, such as adding a deck, dock or boat lift
  • If all the utilities you expect are available, such as cable television, internet access and cellphone coverage

Generally, mortgaged properties in flood zones require flood insurance sold by the federal government. While this insurance may be required to purchase the property, some homeowners later drop their policies. If you don’t have insurance and your house floods, the financial impact could be disastrous. Under some circumstances, the government may still offer assistance but it may not be nearly enough. For example, the average federal assistance in Florida is $4,000, compared to the average flood insurance payout of $51,000.6

Another flood insurance tip: There’s generally a 30-day waiting period before coverage goes in force, so you may not want to wait until your local news starts tracking a storm to purchase flood insurance. 7

Then again, coastal real estate can provide free housing for vacations as well as ongoing rental income. You should carefully consider whether you’re up for the task, which can include landlord duties, maintenance and upkeep, ongoing expenses and the inconvenience of an illiquid asset.8

Content prepared by Kara Stefan Communications.

1 Elizabeth Kolbert. The New Yorker. Dec. 28, 2015. “The Siege of Miami.” http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/12/21/the-siege-of-miami. Accessed Dec 11, 2016.

2 Ibid.

3 Ian Urbina. The New York Times. Nov 24, 2016. “Perils of Climate Change Could Swamp

Coastal Real Estate.” http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/24/science/global-warming-coastal-real-estate.html?_r=0. Accessed Dec 11, 2016.

4 FloodSmart.gov. Sept. 27, 2016. “Tropical Storms and Hurricanes.” https://www.floodsmart.gov/floodsmart/pages/flooding_flood_risks/tropical_storms_hurricanes.jsp. Accessed Dec 11, 2016.

5 Shannon Petrie. HGTV. 2016. “Waterfront Buying: Top 10 Tips from Agents.” http://www.hgtv.com/design/real-estate/waterfront-buying-top-10-tips-from-agents. Accessed Dec 11, 2016.

6 Harold Bubil. The Herald Tribune. March 23, 2016. “Flood insurance is getting expensive, but can you afford to be without it?” http://realestate.heraldtribune.com/2016/03/23/flood-insurance-is-getting-expensive-but-can-you-afford-to-be-without-it/. Accessed Dec 11, 2016.

7 FloodSmart.gov. 2016. “Protect What Matters.” https://www.floodsmart.gov/floodsmart. Accessed Dec 11, 2016.

8 Bankrate.com. Aug. 2, 2016. “Funding retirement with rental income.” http://www.bankrate.com/finance/retirement/funding-retirement-with-rental-income-1.aspx. Accessed Dec 11, 2016.

We are an independent firm helping individuals create retirement strategies using a variety of insurance products to custom suit their needs and objectives. This material is intended to provide general information to help you understand basic retirement income strategies and should not be construed as financial advice.

 The information contained in this material is believed to be reliable, but accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed; it is not intended to be used as the sole basis for financial decisions. If you are unable to access any of the news articles and sources through the links provided in this text, please contact us to request a copy of the desired reference.

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Road to Retirement

Americans are living longer than ever before. That’s great news, right?

Unfortunately, it also means your retirement savings have to last longer than you might have originally thought.

Preparing for a retirement that could last 20, 30, even 40 years, may require you to think differently about how you approach retirement and generating income in retirement. Here are two strategies to consider that may help you stretch your assets in retirement:

  • Delay your retirement. For some, it may be a tough pill to swallow, but giving yourself extra earning years and fewer years you’ll have to draw on your assets is a simple way to help you have more income during retirement years.
  • Think through how you’ll potentially optimize Social Security Benefits. Social Security is a source of lifetime income in retirement, so you’ll want to make sure you’re making the most of your benefits. Become familiar with all of your options for claiming benefits before you make any decisions about when to start drawing Social Security.

Before you make any decision about your retirement, know your options. It could make a lifetime of difference.

 

Income Strategies for an 8,000-Day Retirement

By 2030, it’s estimated that 20 percent of the U.S. population will be over age 65.1 That means a fifth of all Americans will be on the fringe of retirement or already retired, a milestone that’s generally perceived to come late in life. But consider this, there are approximately 8,000 days in today’s average retirement. That’s approximately the same number of days from:2

  • Birth to college graduation
  • College graduation to mid-life crisis
  • Mid-life crisis to retirement

Eight thousand days translates to about 22 years. That may seem long for retirement, but it’s actually quite common these days: Retire at 65 and live to 87; retire at 70 and live to 92; retire at 80 and live to 102. More people are doing this all the time.3

If you are fortunate enough to enjoy 8,000 days of retirement, you’ll need plenty of retirement savings accumulated to make it last. For many people, that may not happen. Some young people don’t save enough because they struggle to make ends meet. People in their 40s might splurge on a sporty convertible or have unexpected expenses for a family member.

Sometimes the bulk of retirement saving gets crammed into those 8,000 days between mid-life and retirement. If this scenario sounds familiar, note that we have experience working with clients who are in similar situations. One of the keys is to use today’s retirement income strategies and financial vehicles to help maximize your assets for long-term financial confidence. We can use a variety of investment and insurance products to customize a financial strategy for your unique situation.

One possible strategy to help with the concern of outliving your retirement income may be to delay starting Social Security benefits.4 For example, an economist at Boston University demonstrated a scenario in which a 66-year-old retiree begins withdrawing income from his 401(k)/IRA account while delaying Social Security until age 70. His calculations show that this strategy would yield a higher income throughout retirement than if the retiree started pulling from all income sources at full retirement age.5

Also remember that the concept of 8,000 days is a middling number. Roughly, half of retirees will die before 8,000 days and half live longer. Annuities can be an option for people who want to help ensure a portion of their retirement income will be guaranteed. An annuity is an insurance contract that can provide long-term retirement income to help protect you against longevity risk, such as a retirement spanning two decades or more.

It’s important to understand there are several different types of annuities, and they don’t all work the same way. They may offer various features; such as payout options, death benefits and potential income for your spouse. Some can offer guaranteed income (a fixed annuity) while others offer an income stream that relies on the performance of the investments you choose (a variable annuity). There may be tradeoffs for these features, like additional fees or lower income payouts.6 A financial professional can help you understand which type of annuity suits your financial needs.

Content prepared by Kara Stefan Communications

1 Richard Eisenberg. Forbes. May 9, 2017. “Why Isn’t Business Preparing More for The Future of Aging?” https://www.forbes.com/sites/nextavenue/2017/05/09/why-isnt-business-preparing-more-for-the-future-of-aging/#108dfd522dec. Accessed July 31, 2017.

2 Ibid.

3 Ibid.

4 Mark Miller. The New York Times. Feb. 18, 2017. “How to Make Your Money Last as Long as

You Do.” https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/18/your-money/retiring-longevity-planning-social-security.html. Accessed July 31, 2017.

5 Laurence Kotlikoff. Dallas News. May 5, 2017. “Which should you take first: Social Security or your 401(k)?” https://www.dallasnews.com/business/personal-finance/2017/05/05/take-first-social-security-401k. Accessed July 31, 2017.

6 CNN. 2017. “What is an annuity?” http://money.cnn.com/retirement/guide/annuities_basics.moneymag/index.htm. Accessed July 31, 2017.

 The hypothetical example provided is for illustrative purposes only; it does not represent a real life scenario, and should not be construed as advice designed to meet the particular needs of an individual’s situation. We are able to provide you with information but not guidance or advice related to Social Security benefits. Our firm is not affiliated with the U.S. government or any governmental agency.

Insurance and annuity product guarantees are backed by the financial strength and claims-paying ability of the issuing insurance company. Annuities are insurance products that may be subject to fees, surrender charges and holding periods which vary by company. Annuities are not a deposit of nor are they insured by any bank, the FDIC, NCUA, or by any federal government agency. Annuities are designed for retirement or other long-term needs.

 This material is intended to provide general information to help you understand basic financial planning strategies and should not be construed as financial advice. All investments are subject to risk including the potential loss of principal. No investment strategy can guarantee a profit or protect against loss in periods of declining values. 

 The information contained in this material is believed to be reliable, but accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed; it is not intended to be used as the sole basis for financial decisions. If you are unable to access any of the news articles and sources through the links provided in this text, please contact us to request a copy of the desired reference.

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Gender Disparities in Retirement

Everywhere we turn, it seems, there’s an article or newscast about how women are at an economic disadvantage, especially regarding lower wages. Just imagine how much more women could contribute to economic growth if such disadvantages were eliminated.

But we want to work toward counteracting some of those challenges, particularly where retirement income planning is concerned. Even married couples with their retirement savings on track may not be aware of different scenarios that could potentially leave a widow with an income shortfall during her retirement years. We’re happy to review retirement income strategies for your household and make recommendations tailored for your financial situation; just give us a call.

In the meantime, let’s take a look at some of these gender disparities and how they can impact a woman’s personal financial future. For example, women tend to borrow more for college undergraduate student loans than men and take longer to pay them back.1

Presumably, one of the reasons it takes them longer to pay back student loans is that women, on average, tend to earn lower salaries than men. For example, in the United States, white women are paid about 76 cents on the dollar relative to white men.2 Black women receive only 67 cents per dollar.3 This may seem like a woman’s issue, but it’s not. In theory, the longer it takes to pay off student loan debt, the less women can save for retirement, and the less women save, the more reliant they might be on Social Security for retirement income. A demographic that relies heavily on Social Security for retirement income could potentially cause an increase in FICA taxes, which can affect everyone.

One of the ways working women can improve their retirement income situation is by working longer. There are several advantages to this. First, for women who take time out of the workforce for raising children and general caregiving, working longer provides more tax years from which the 35-year calculation for Social Security benefits is drawn.4 Second, women tend to live longer, so they could feasibly work until an older age.5 And finally, researchers have determined that the average woman who works to age 70, rather than retiring at 62, can increase her monthly Social Security check by 12 percent.6

Another area in which women can improve is financial literacy. In a recent study, 18 percent of women ages 60 to 74 passed a 38-question quiz on retirement income topics, compared with 35 percent of men the same age.7 Fortunately, this is an area in which any woman can take the initiative to pursue on her own. It doesn’t require wage legislation passed by Congress; salary negotiation skills with employers; or shortening the time spent out of the workforce for caregiving.

The more women can learn about retirement income planning, the better prepared they can be for their long-term financial future. Planning for retirement is a skill that we believe should not be delegated to fathers, husbands, boyfriends and male children. At the very least, it’s a shared responsibility — but be aware that chances are good a woman will be managing money on her own at some point during adulthood due to divorce or widowhood.8

Content prepared by Kara Stefan Communications.

1 Kim Blanton. Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. June 8, 2017. “Is There a Student Loan Gender Gap?” http://squaredawayblog.bc.edu/squared-away/is-there-a-student-loan-gender-gap/. Accessed July 31, 2017.

2 AAUW. Spring 2017. “The Simple Truth about the Gender Pay Gap.” http://www.aauw.org/research/the-simple-truth-about-the-gender-pay-gap/. Accessed July 31, 2017.

3 Casey Quinlan. ThinkProgress. July 31, 2017. “Black women’s ‘equal pay day’ reminds us how persistent the wage gap is.” https://thinkprogress.org/black-women-wage-gap-ca285791a371. Accessed July 31, 2017.

4 My Retirement Paycheck. National Endowment for Financial Education. 2017. “How are Social Security benefits calculated?” http://www.myretirementpaycheck.org/Social-Security/How-are-benefits-calculated. Accessed Aug. 7, 2017.

5 Social Security. “Calculators: Life Expectancy.” https://www.ssa.gov/planners/lifeexpectancy.html. Accessed Aug. 7, 2017.

6 Kim Blanton. Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. May 18, 2017. “Women Get a Bigger Social Security Bump.” http://squaredawayblog.bc.edu/squared-away/women-get-a-bigger-social-security-bump/. Accessed July 31, 2017.

7 Christopher Robbins. Financial Advisor. July 27, 2017. “4 Out Of 5 Older Women Flunk This Retirement Literacy Quiz.” http://www.fa-mag.com/news/4-out-of-5-older-women-flunk-this-retirement-literacy-quiz-33885.html?section=. Accessed July 31, 2017.

8 Susan L. Hickey. Newsmax. June 23, 2017. “Many Women Will Spend Their Later Years Alone; Are They Ready for That?” http://www.newsmax.com/Finance/Personal-Finance/older-women-alone-financially/2017/06/22/id/797691/. Accessed July 31, 2017.

We are able to provide you with information but not guidance or advice related to Social Security benefits. Our firm is not affiliated with the U.S. government or any governmental agency.

 We are an independent firm helping individuals create retirement strategies using a variety of insurance products to custom suit their needs and objectives. This material is intended to provide general information to help you understand basic retirement income strategies and should not be construed as financial advice.

The information contained in this material is believed to be reliable, but accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed; it is not intended to be used as the sole basis for financial decisions. If you are unable to access any of the news articles and sources through the links provided in this text, please contact us to request a copy of the desired reference.

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Strategic vs. Tactical Asset Allocation

In recent years, the markets, the economy and the global political scene have evolved considerably. We’ve witnessed both remarkable volatility and remarkable resilience in these areas. The reality is that less predictability in today’s economic landscape requires more vigilant risk diversification, coupled with the ability to adapt to a fast-changing environment.1

We work with our clients to set financial goals and make strategic and tactical recommendations to help them reach their individual financial objectives. Equally as important, we want to encourage clients to work with us to monitor their financial progress and let us know when their personal or financial situation changes. Investing mirrors life in many ways: You make plans, but they often get disrupted, waylaid or delayed. By closely monitoring your financial strategy, we can help you determine if and when it’s time to make changes.

To this end, it may be beneficial for you to understand the distinction between strategic asset allocation and tactical asset allocation. Strategic allocation establishes and maintains a deliberate mix of stocks, bonds and cash designed to help meet your long-term financial objectives.2

Tactical asset allocation, on the other hand, is more market focused. While an investor may set parameters for how much and how long he wants to invest in a certain asset class, he may want to then increase or decrease his allocations by 5 percent to 10 percent over a short time based on economic or market opportunities.3

It is important to be aware that tactical asset allocation strategies present higher risks but also the opportunity for higher returns. It’s a good idea to set percentage limits on asset allocations and time benchmarks for when you may want to exit certain positions.4 Tactical asset allocation is, in fact, a market timing strategy, but its risk lies more in asset categories rather than individual holdings, and a crucial key for this type of allocation is to actively manage that risk.5

To help diversify and manage risk, some financial advisors recommend exchange traded funds (ETFs). These are passively managed funds that can be bought and sold throughout the trading day. While ETFs are passively managed, they provide a means for an investor to tactically expand or shrink exposure to a specific asset class in her own actively managed portfolio. Proponents of ETFs favor them because of their low cost, tax efficiency and trading flexibility.6

Content prepared by Kara Stefan Communications.

1 Nasdaq. June 26, 2017. “Asset owners must be more innovative to fulfill investment missions.” http://www.nasdaq.com/press-release/asset-owners-must-be-more-innovative-to-fulfill-investment-missions-20170626-00612. Accessed July 8, 2017.

2 Chris Chen. Insight Financial Strategists. July 1, 2017. “Tactical asset allocation can enhance a long term strategy.” http://insightfinancialstrategists.com/asset-allocation/?utm_source=ReviveOldPost&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=ReviveOldPost. Accessed July 8, 2017.

3 Ibid.

4 Ibid.

5 Girija Gadre, Arti Bhargava and Labdhi Mehta. The Economic Times. June 19, 2017. “5 smart things to know about tactical asset allocation.” http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/wealth/invest/5-smart-things-to-know-about-tactical-asset-allocation/articleshow/59189407.cms. Accessed July 8, 2017.

6 Robert Powell. MarketWatch. June 9, 2017. “Why financial advisers prefer ETFs over mutual funds.” http://www.marketwatch.com/story/why-financial-advisers-prefer-etfs-over-mutual-funds-2017-06-09. Accessed July 8, 2017.

We are an independent firm helping individuals create retirement strategies using a variety of insurance and investment products to custom suit their needs and objectives. This material is intended to provide general information to help you understand basic financial planning strategies and should not be construed as financial advice. All investments are subject to risk including the potential loss of principal. No investment strategy can guarantee a profit or protect against loss in periods of declining values. 

The information contained in this material is believed to be reliable, but accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed; it is not intended to be used as the sole basis for financial decisions. If you are unable to access any of the news articles and sources through the links provided in this text, please contact us to request a copy of the desired reference.

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Retirement Plan Fees: Know What You Are Paying

Many large companies offer employees a 401(k) plan with some degree of matching contribution. Although this is a good employee benefit to have, you always should pay attention to the fees involved in your plan. Your plan provider charges various fees to invest, manage and administer the plan, and those fees are passed on to the participants who invest.

The Center for Retirement Research at Boston College reports that, in recent years, the fees charged by actively managed mutual funds — including those in 401(k) plans — have dropped. Since 2015, the average fee dropped from 0.78 percent to 0.75 percent. Around 15 years ago, fees averaged about 1 percent. However, fees for passively managed index mutual funds, generally referred to as index funds, average significantly less at 0.17 percent. Index funds passively track the investments of a specific market index; there is no manager actively choosing investments for the fund on a day-to-day basis.1

If you have a 401(k) plan through a current or former employer, we’re happy to help you determine what you are paying in fees and help you assess your financial situation. In many cases, the more investors learn about fees, the more they start choosing investments that cost less. The Center for Retirement Research suggests this by sharing that U.S. investors withdrew $627 billion from actively managed funds that charged the highest fees and invested $429 billion into lower-fee index funds in 2015 and 2016.2

The Department of Labor’s fiduciary rule, which took partial effect in June, has made it easier for investors to know what they are paying for by requiring the disclosure of all fees and commissions. This information must be in dollar form.3 In addition, FINRA, a self-regulatory organization that regulates broker-dealers in the United States, offers a Fund Analyzer tool on its website that can help investors estimate the impact of fees and expenses on an investment and research applicable fees and available discounts for specific funds.4

Are fees really that important? It can depend. If you are paying a money management firm to select investments and it does a great job of providing consistent performance over time, it may be worth what you pay in fees. But it may also be worth considering how your investments compare with the overall market. For example, over the past three years, the S&P 500 has increased by 26 percent (as of mid-June 2017).5 If you were invested in a low-expense S&P 500 index fund, you would have experienced impressive returns. But if you had been paying a high fee for an active manager yielding the same performance, it may not have been worth the expense.

Speaking of fees, be aware that the IRS permits investors to deduct certain expenses incurred on taxable investments, such as:6

  • Fees for investment counsel, including subscriptions to financial publications
  • IRA or Keogh custodial fees (if paid by cash outside the account)
  • Transportation to your broker’s or investment advisor’s office
  • Safety deposit box rent if you use it to store certificates or investment-related paperwork

If you have a 401(k) plan through a current or former employer and would like help determining what you are paying in fees, we’re happy to help you assess your financial situation. Using a variety of investment and insurance products, we can create a financial strategy that can help put you on the path toward your financial goals.

Content prepared by Kara Stefan Communications.

1 Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. June 29, 2017. “Mutual Fund Fees: Here’s What Matters.” http://squaredawayblog.bc.edu/squared-away/mutual-fund-fees-heres-what-matters/. Accessed July 5, 2017.

2 Ibid.

3 Investopedia. July 5, 2017. “DOL Fiduciary Rule Explained as of July 5th, 2017.” http://www.investopedia.com/updates/dol-fiduciary-rule/. Accessed July 13, 2017.

4 FINRA. “Fund Analyzer.” http://apps.finra.org/fundanalyzer/1/fa.aspx. Accessed July 5, 2017.

5 Dayana Yochim. Atlanta Journal Constitution. July 5, 2017. “This May Be Why You’re Down in an Up Market.” http://www.ajc.com/business/consumer-advice/this-may-why-you-down-market/hQWTwwUWlBhEKX8tJoyNHL/. Accessed July 5, 2017.

6 Rande Spiegelman. Charles Schwab. March 15, 2017. “Investment Expenses: What’s Tax Deductible?” http://www.schwab.com/insights/taxes/investment-expenses-whats-tax-deductible. Accessed July 5, 2017.

Neither the firm nor its agents or representatives may give tax advice. Be sure to speak with a qualified professional about your unique situation.

We are an independent firm helping individuals create retirement strategies using a variety of insurance and investment products to custom suit their needs and objectives. This material is intended to provide general information to help you understand basic financial planning strategies and should not be construed as financial advice. All investments are subject to risk including the potential loss of principal. No investment strategy can guarantee a profit or protect against loss in periods of declining values. 

The information contained in this material is believed to be reliable, but accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed; it is not intended to be used as the sole basis for financial decisions. If you are unable to access any of the news articles and sources through the links provided in this text, please contact us to request a copy of the desired reference.

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