BRED Slices Mortgages Into Affordable Pieces

Baby boomers have long been the movers and shakers of the real estate market, but millennials are expected to be the biggest buyers in 2019. Millennials are projected to account for 45 percent of mortgages, compared to 37 percent for Generation X and 17 percent for boomers in the new year. This trend is expected to continue well into the future, as millennials climb the income ladder and trade up to homes in mid- to upper-tier prices.1

One big problem is people shopping for homes today tend to have more income than savings to contribute to a down payment. To help younger buyers qualify for a home loan, the mortgage market has rolled out a new type of mixed-rate mortgage, called the blended rate equity driver (BRED).

This type of loan pairs both fixed and variable mortgage structures into a single first‐lien mortgage using a combination of the 30‐year fixed rate mortgage (FRM), the 15‐year FRM and the 5/1 adjustable rate mortgage (ARM).2

The specific mix can be tailored to the buyer, but in each case, the goal is to have equity grow faster through principal payments. Typically, a homeowner garners home equity via three paths: down payment, price appreciation and principal payments over time. However, the real estate market moves fast and is unpredictable. Homebuyers are more transient these days and want the option to relocate, if necessary, so they don’t get stuck with an unaffordable mortgage.

While it’s important to match a home and mortgage to meet your specific needs, it’s also critical to do so with a long-term perspective toward your eventual retirement and financial goals. It’s normally advisable to live within one’s means, but when it comes to buying a home, better advice may be to live below your means. Be sure to consult with a professional mortgage lender or broker to help decide what’s best for your unique situation.

Purchasing a more affordable home frees up more discretionary income that can help create a better financial future. Please contact us if you’re looking for ways to add more confidence to your retirement income plans through the use of insurance products.

Content prepared by Kara Stefan Communications.

Aly J. Yale. Forbes. Dec. 6, 2018. “2019 Real Estate Forecast: What Home Buyers, Sellers And Investors Can Expect.” https://www.forbes.com/sites/alyyale/2018/12/06/2019-real-estate-forecast-what-home-buyers-sellers-and-investors-can-expect/. Accessed Dec. 9, 2018.

2 National Association of Realtors. 2018. “BRED Mortgage: More Money in Your Pocket.” https://www.nar.realtor/sites/default/files/migration_files/bred-mortgage-introduction-10-19-2015.pdf. Accessed Dec. 9, 2018.

We are an independent firm helping individuals create retirement strategies using a variety of insurance products to custom suit their needs and objectives. This material is intended to provide general information to help you understand basic retirement income strategies and should not be construed as financial advice.

The information contained in this material is believed to be reliable, but accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed; it is not intended to be used as the sole basis for financial decisions. If you are unable to access any of the news articles and sources through the links provided in this text, please contact us to request a copy of the desired reference.

Stock Buybacks Explained

When the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act reduced the corporate tax rate from 35 percent to 21 percent, the hope was companies would spend their influx of money on expansion and increased jobs and wages. Instead, public companies’ most popular way to spend the excess capital has been to buy back their own stock.1

Stock buybacks can be beneficial to both the corporation and its stockholders. Those selling their stock generally do so at a premium, so they’re happy. Shareholders who retain their stock are also pleased because the same amount of earnings is spread between fewer shares, creating higher earnings per share (EPS). Also, company executives generally buy back stock when they feel the current price, which may well be at a record high, is still below its intrinsic value. They benefit because, in many cases, their bonus is linked to EPS growth.2

Even the best-known investor in the world, Warren Buffett, has said, at Berkshire Hathaway’s 2004 annual meeting, “When stock can be bought below a business’s value, it is probably the best use of cash.”3 Buying back stocks is a simple move that can artificially inflate the value of shares without all those complicated expansion plans. However, critics decry the move as masking the true value of a publicly traded business.

Stock buybacks were illegal before the Reagan administration. Legislators believed companies diverting money from employee compensation, research and development would create an income and wealth discrepancy leading to stagnation of the working-class economy.4

The reality is common stockholders don’t have much control over the value of shares. If the price is high, they may want to sell. However, if the company is engaged in a buyback, that could be a clue they expect share prices to go higher, so it may make sense to hang on to shares.

It may be wise to consider why you’d want to sell anyway. Are the proceeds earmarked to pay for a particular financial goal, such as a wedding or college tuition? It’s important to keep your own financial objectives in mind, rather than selling based solely on a company’s dealings. If you find yourself in this situation, we’d be happy to review your portfolio and offer advice within the context of your goals, risk tolerance and investment timeline.

According to Goldman Sachs, U.S. companies were on track to reach $1 trillion in buybacks in 2018 – a pace nearly double that of 2017.5 Federal Reserve data shows buybacks are now equivalent to 4 percent of annual economic output.6

Some of the lowest-paying industries have been the most prolific participants in stock buybacks. From 2015 to 2017, the restaurant industry spent 140 percent of its profits on buybacks (borrowing or dipping into cash allowances to purchase the shares), the retail industry spent nearly 80 percent of its profits on buybacks, and food-manufacturing firms nearly 60 percent.7

Despite concerns that buybacks would reduce long-term investment, some companies have been spending capital at the fastest pace in 25 years. Unfortunately, this is not universally true. Goldman Sachs reports 79 percent of growth in S&P 500 capital spending came from a mere 10 companies.8

Furthermore, S&P 500 firms account for less than 50 percent of business profits and less than 20 percent of employment in the United States. A silver lining of buybacks is what shareholders do with the proceeds after selling. A common route is investing in smaller public and private firms, which does more to support innovation and job growth throughout the economy.9

Content prepared by Kara Stefan Communications.

Larry Light. Forbes. Aug. 31, 2018. “Stock Buybacks Outstrip Capital Spending For 2018’s 1st Half: Is That Bad?”  https://www.forbes.com/sites/lawrencelight/2018/08/31/stock-buybacks-outstrip-capital-spending-for-2018s-1st-half-is-that-bad/#6a16ea066615. Accessed Dec. 9, 2018.

2 Ibid.

3 Eric Rosenbaum. CNBC. Sept. 1, 2018. “Warren Buffett explains the enduring power of stock buybacks for long-term investors.” https://www.cnbc.com/2018/08/31/warren-buffett-explains-the-enduring-power-of-stock-buybacks.html. Accessed Dec. 9, 2018.

Annie Lowrey. The Atlantic. July 31, 2018. “Are Stock Buybacks Starving the Economy?” https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2018/07/are-stock-buybacks-starving-the-economy/566387/. Accessed Dec. 9, 2018.

5 Eric Rosenbaum. CNBC. Sept. 1, 2018. “Warren Buffett explains the enduring power of stock buybacks for long-term investors.” https://www.cnbc.com/2018/08/31/warren-buffett-explains-the-enduring-power-of-stock-buybacks.html. Accessed Dec. 9, 2018.

Annie Lowrey. The Atlantic. July 31, 2018. “Are Stock Buybacks Starving the Economy?” https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2018/07/are-stock-buybacks-starving-the-economy/566387/. Accessed Dec. 9, 2018.

Ibid.

Matt Egan. CNN. Sept. 17, 2018. “Corporate America is spending more on buybacks than anything else.” https://money.cnn.com/2018/09/17/investing/stock-buybacks-tax-cuts/index.html. Accessed Dec. 9, 2018.

Jesse M. Fried and Charles C.Y. Wang. Harvard Business Review. March-April 2018. “Are Buybacks Really Shortchanging Investment?” https://hbr.org/2018/03/are-buybacks-really-shortchanging-investment. Accessed Dec. 9, 2018.

We are an independent firm helping individuals create retirement strategies using a variety of insurance and investment products to custom suit their needs and objectives. This material is intended to provide general information to help you understand basic financial planning strategies and should not be construed as financial or investment advice. All investments are subject to risk including the potential loss of principal. No investment strategy can guarantee a profit or protect against loss in periods of declining values.

The information contained in this material is believed to be reliable, but accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed; it is not intended to be used as the sole basis for financial decisions. If you are unable to access any of the news articles and sources through the links provided in this text, please contact us to request a copy of the desired reference.